words sound correct, but they're wrong: towed the line, deep-seeded, dire straights, nearly penultimate, incentiary, reeking havoc, hare’s breath escape, plaintiff melody, viscous/vicious, causal/casual, clamoured to her feet, a shutter went through her body, his body went ridged, empirical storm troopers, ex-patriot Englishmen.
Some of these are homophones, words that are pronounced the same as other words but spelled differently.
Elsewhere in the world of words, a homograph shares the same written form as another word but has a different meaning:
- agape – with mouth open OR love
- bass – type of fish OR low, deep voice
- bat - piece of sports equipment OR an animal
- bow – type of knot OR to incline
A homonym shares the same spelling and pronunciation with another word but has a different meaning. Thus homonyms are simultaneously homographs and homophones.
Take the word fluke. A fluke can be:
- A fish, and a flatworm.
- The end parts of an anchor.
- The fins on a whale's tail.
- A stroke of luck.
Thus, fluke can describe both my boss and how he got his job.
Here's a handy chart for those of you who need something on the wall.
|Homograph||Different||Same||Same or different|
|Homophone||Different||Same or different||Same|
|Polyseme||Different but related||Same||Same or different|
Same except for
|Same or different|
By the way, for those of you whose eyes have yet to glaze over, the state of being a homonym is called homonymy.
|Eat it up!|
This is just like hominy, except it isn't.